Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

electrophilic_sub

Halogenation Benzene

chlorination_benzene

Nitration

Nitration

sulfonation_benzene

Nitration

Nitration

Nitration

Ortho Para Directing

Resonance

Resonance

Alkoxy Group

Anisole

Orthoparadirectors

MetaDirectors

Meta Directing

Metadirecting

Halogen Sustituents

Halogen

Directing Effects

Examples

Why phenyl methanoate is not meta directing? Methanoate

Alkylation

Friedel Crafts

Limitation

Fridel_craft

Acylation

Acylation

Clemmensen

Gatterman