Df 1 0 2_ Nano A O D Dimuon Analysis

Show how NanoAOD files can be processed with RDataFrame.

This tutorial illustrates how NanoAOD files can be processed with ROOT dataframes. The NanoAOD-like input files are filled with 66 mio. events from CMS OpenData containing muon candidates part of 2012 dataset (DOI: 10.7483/OPENDATA.CMS.YLIC.86ZZ and DOI: 10.7483/OPENDATA.CMS.M5AD.Y3V3). The macro matches muon pairs and produces an histogram of the dimuon mass spectrum showing resonances up to the Z mass. Note that the bump at 30 GeV is not a resonance but a trigger effect.

More details about the dataset can be found on the CERN Open Data portal.

Author: Stefan Wunsch (KIT, CERN)
This notebook tutorial was automatically generated with ROOTBOOK-izer from the macro found in the ROOT repository on Tuesday, June 15, 2021 at 07:25 AM.

In [ ]:
import ROOT

Enable multi-threading

In [ ]:
ROOT.ROOT.EnableImplicitMT()

Create dataframe from NanoAOD files

In [ ]:
df = ROOT.RDataFrame("Events", "root://eospublic.cern.ch//eos/opendata/cms/derived-data/AOD2NanoAODOutreachTool/Run2012BC_DoubleMuParked_Muons.root")

For simplicity, select only events with exactly two muons and require opposite charge

In [ ]:
df_2mu = df.Filter("nMuon == 2", "Events with exactly two muons")
df_os = df_2mu.Filter("Muon_charge[0] != Muon_charge[1]", "Muons with opposite charge")

Compute invariant mass of the dimuon system

In [ ]:
df_mass = df_os.Define("Dimuon_mass", "InvariantMass(Muon_pt, Muon_eta, Muon_phi, Muon_mass)")

Make histogram of dimuon mass spectrum. Note how we can set titles and axis labels in one go.

In [ ]:
h = df_mass.Histo1D(("Dimuon_mass", "Dimuon mass;m_{#mu#mu} (GeV);N_{Events}", 30000, 0.25, 300), "Dimuon_mass")

Request cut-flow report

In [ ]:
report = df_mass.Report()

Produce plot

In [ ]:
ROOT.gStyle.SetOptStat(0); ROOT.gStyle.SetTextFont(42)
c = ROOT.TCanvas("c", "", 800, 700)
c.SetLogx(); c.SetLogy()

h.SetTitle("")
h.GetXaxis().SetTitleSize(0.04)
h.GetYaxis().SetTitleSize(0.04)
h.Draw()

label = ROOT.TLatex(); label.SetNDC(True)
label.DrawLatex(0.175, 0.740, "#eta")
label.DrawLatex(0.205, 0.775, "#rho,#omega")
label.DrawLatex(0.270, 0.740, "#phi")
label.DrawLatex(0.400, 0.800, "J/#psi")
label.DrawLatex(0.415, 0.670, "#psi'")
label.DrawLatex(0.485, 0.700, "Y(1,2,3S)")
label.DrawLatex(0.755, 0.680, "Z")
label.SetTextSize(0.040); label.DrawLatex(0.100, 0.920, "#bf{CMS Open Data}")
label.SetTextSize(0.030); label.DrawLatex(0.630, 0.920, "#sqrt{s} = 8 TeV, L_{int} = 11.6 fb^{-1}")

c.SaveAs("dimuon_spectrum.pdf")

Print cut-flow report

In [ ]:
report.Print()

Draw all canvases

In [ ]:
%jsroot on
from ROOT import gROOT 
gROOT.GetListOfCanvases().Draw()