Df 0 0 7_Snapshot

This tutorial shows how to write out datasets in ROOT formatusing the RDataFrame

Author: Danilo Piparo
This notebook tutorial was automatically generated with ROOTBOOK-izer from the macro found in the ROOT repository on Monday, July 06, 2020 at 11:32 AM.

In [ ]:
import ROOT

A simple helper function to fill a test tree: this makes the example stand-alone.

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def fill_tree(treeName, fileName):
    df.Define("b1", "(int) rdfentry_")\
      .Define("b2", "(float) rdfentry_ * rdfentry_").Snapshot(treeName, fileName)

We prepare an input tree to run on

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fileName = "df007_snapshot_py.root"
outFileName = "df007_snapshot_output_py.root"
outFileNameAllColumns = "df007_snapshot_output_allColumns_py.root"
treeName = "myTree"
fill_tree(treeName, fileName)

We read the tree from the file and create a RDataFrame.

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d = ROOT.RDataFrame(treeName, fileName)

Select entries

We now select some entries in the dataset

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d_cut = d.Filter("b1 % 2 == 0")

Enrich the dataset

Build some temporary columns: we'll write them out

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getVector_code ='''
std::vector<float> getVector (float b2)
{
   std::vector<float> v;
   for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) v.push_back(b2*i);
   return v;
}
'''
ROOT.gInterpreter.Declare(getVector_code)

d2 = d_cut.Define("b1_square", "b1 * b1") \
          .Define("b2_vector", "getVector( b2 )")

Write it to disk in ROOT format

We now write to disk a new dataset with one of the variables originally present in the tree and the new variables. The user can explicitly specify the types of the columns as template arguments of the Snapshot method, otherwise they will be automatically inferred.

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branchList = ROOT.vector('string')()
for branchName in ["b1", "b1_square", "b2_vector"]:
    branchList.push_back(branchName)
d2.Snapshot(treeName, outFileName, branchList)

Open the new file and list the columns of the tree

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f1 = ROOT.TFile(outFileName)
t = f1.myTree
print("These are the columns b1, b1_square and b2_vector:")
for branch in t.GetListOfBranches():
    print("Branch: %s" %branch.GetName())

f1.Close()

We are not forced to write the full set of column names. We can also specify a regular expression for that. In case nothing is specified, all columns are persistified.

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d2.Snapshot(treeName, outFileNameAllColumns)

Open the new file and list the columns of the tree

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f2 = ROOT.TFile(outFileNameAllColumns)
t = f2.myTree
print("These are all the columns available to this dataframe:")
for branch in t.GetListOfBranches():
    print("Branch: %s" %branch.GetName())

f2.Close()

We can also get a fresh RDataFrame out of the snapshot and restart the analysis chain from it.

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branchList.clear()
branchList.push_back("b1_square")
snapshot_df = d2.Snapshot(treeName, outFileName, branchList);
h = snapshot_df.Histo1D("b1_square")
c = ROOT.TCanvas()
h.Draw()

Draw all canvases

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from ROOT import gROOT 
gROOT.GetListOfCanvases().Draw()