In [1]:
help(set)
Help on class set in module builtins:

class set(object)
 |  set() -> new empty set object
 |  set(iterable) -> new set object
 |  
 |  Build an unordered collection of unique elements.
 |  
 |  Methods defined here:
 |  
 |  __and__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self&value.
 |  
 |  __contains__(...)
 |      x.__contains__(y) <==> y in x.
 |  
 |  __eq__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self==value.
 |  
 |  __ge__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self>=value.
 |  
 |  __getattribute__(self, name, /)
 |      Return getattr(self, name).
 |  
 |  __gt__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self>value.
 |  
 |  __iand__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self&=value.
 |  
 |  __init__(self, /, *args, **kwargs)
 |      Initialize self.  See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.
 |  
 |  __ior__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self|=value.
 |  
 |  __isub__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self-=value.
 |  
 |  __iter__(self, /)
 |      Implement iter(self).
 |  
 |  __ixor__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self^=value.
 |  
 |  __le__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self<=value.
 |  
 |  __len__(self, /)
 |      Return len(self).
 |  
 |  __lt__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self<value.
 |  
 |  __ne__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self!=value.
 |  
 |  __new__(*args, **kwargs) from builtins.type
 |      Create and return a new object.  See help(type) for accurate signature.
 |  
 |  __or__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self|value.
 |  
 |  __rand__(self, value, /)
 |      Return value&self.
 |  
 |  __reduce__(...)
 |      Return state information for pickling.
 |  
 |  __repr__(self, /)
 |      Return repr(self).
 |  
 |  __ror__(self, value, /)
 |      Return value|self.
 |  
 |  __rsub__(self, value, /)
 |      Return value-self.
 |  
 |  __rxor__(self, value, /)
 |      Return value^self.
 |  
 |  __sizeof__(...)
 |      S.__sizeof__() -> size of S in memory, in bytes
 |  
 |  __sub__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self-value.
 |  
 |  __xor__(self, value, /)
 |      Return self^value.
 |  
 |  add(...)
 |      Add an element to a set.
 |      
 |      This has no effect if the element is already present.
 |  
 |  clear(...)
 |      Remove all elements from this set.
 |  
 |  copy(...)
 |      Return a shallow copy of a set.
 |  
 |  difference(...)
 |      Return the difference of two or more sets as a new set.
 |      
 |      (i.e. all elements that are in this set but not the others.)
 |  
 |  difference_update(...)
 |      Remove all elements of another set from this set.
 |  
 |  discard(...)
 |      Remove an element from a set if it is a member.
 |      
 |      If the element is not a member, do nothing.
 |  
 |  intersection(...)
 |      Return the intersection of two sets as a new set.
 |      
 |      (i.e. all elements that are in both sets.)
 |  
 |  intersection_update(...)
 |      Update a set with the intersection of itself and another.
 |  
 |  isdisjoint(...)
 |      Return True if two sets have a null intersection.
 |  
 |  issubset(...)
 |      Report whether another set contains this set.
 |  
 |  issuperset(...)
 |      Report whether this set contains another set.
 |  
 |  pop(...)
 |      Remove and return an arbitrary set element.
 |      Raises KeyError if the set is empty.
 |  
 |  remove(...)
 |      Remove an element from a set; it must be a member.
 |      
 |      If the element is not a member, raise a KeyError.
 |  
 |  symmetric_difference(...)
 |      Return the symmetric difference of two sets as a new set.
 |      
 |      (i.e. all elements that are in exactly one of the sets.)
 |  
 |  symmetric_difference_update(...)
 |      Update a set with the symmetric difference of itself and another.
 |  
 |  union(...)
 |      Return the union of sets as a new set.
 |      
 |      (i.e. all elements that are in either set.)
 |  
 |  update(...)
 |      Update a set with the union of itself and others.
 |  
 |  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 |  Data and other attributes defined here:
 |  
 |  __hash__ = None

In [2]:
#set(iterable) -> new set object #列表就比较合适了
my_set=set([1,2,1,"mmd"])
In [3]:
my_set #重复元素在自动被过滤
Out[3]:
{1, 2, 'mmd'}
In [4]:
################  Set遍历  ########################
In [5]:
# 遍历 my_set
for item in my_set:
    print(item)
1
2
mmd
In [6]:
################  添加元素  ########################
In [7]:
# 添加元素
my_set.add("add") #没有返回值
print(my_set)
{1, 2, 'add', 'mmd'}
In [8]:
################  删除元素  ########################
In [9]:
# 删除元素
my_set.remove("mmd") #没有返回值
print(my_set)
{1, 2, 'add'}
In [10]:
my_set
Out[10]:
{1, 2, 'add'}
In [11]:
my_set.remove("mmd") #不存在则报错
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
KeyError                                  Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-11-233313e4dc88> in <module>()
----> 1 my_set.remove("mmd") #不存在则报错

KeyError: 'mmd'
In [ ]:
################  Set扩展  ########################
In [12]:
#利用运算符+set 实现数学方面的扩展
set1=set([1,2,5])
set2=set([2,4,6])
In [13]:
#交集
set1 & set2
Out[13]:
{2}
In [14]:
#并集
set1 | set2
Out[14]:
{1, 2, 4, 5, 6}
In [15]:
# 其他内容可以直接查看help
In [ ]: