This notebook was prepared by Donne Martin. Source and license info is on GitHub.

Challenge Notebook

Problem: Given two strings, find the longest common subsequence.

Constraints

  • Can we assume the inputs are valid?
    • No
  • Can we assume the strings are ASCII?
    • Yes
  • Is this case sensitive?
    • Yes
  • Is a subsequence a non-contiguous block of chars?
    • Yes
  • Do we expect a string as a result?
    • Yes
  • Can we assume this fits memory?
    • Yes

Test Cases

  • str0 or str1 is None -> Exception
  • str0 or str1 equals 0 -> ''
  • General case

str0 = 'ABCDEFGHIJ' str1 = 'FOOBCDBCDE'

result: 'BCDE'

Algorithm

Refer to the Solution Notebook. If you are stuck and need a hint, the solution notebook's algorithm discussion might be a good place to start.

Code

In [ ]:
class StringCompare(object):

    def longest_common_subseq(self, str0, str1):
        # TODO: Implement me
        pass

Unit Test

The following unit test is expected to fail until you solve the challenge.

In [ ]:
# %load test_longest_common_subseq.py
import unittest


class TestLongestCommonSubseq(unittest.TestCase):

    def test_longest_common_subseq(self):
        str_comp = StringCompare()
        self.assertRaises(TypeError, str_comp.longest_common_subseq, None, None)
        self.assertEqual(str_comp.longest_common_subseq('', ''), '')
        str0 = 'ABCDEFGHIJ'
        str1 = 'FOOBCDBCDE'
        expected = 'BCDE'
        self.assertEqual(str_comp.longest_common_subseq(str0, str1), expected)
        print('Success: test_longest_common_subseq')


def main():
    test = TestLongestCommonSubseq()
    test.test_longest_common_subseq()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

Solution Notebook

Review the Solution Notebook for a discussion on algorithms and code solutions.