This notebook was prepared by Donne Martin. Source and license info is on GitHub.

Challenge Notebook

Problem: Find the longest absolute file path.

See the LeetCode problem page.

Suppose we abstract our file system by a string in the following manner:

The string "dir\n\tsubdir1\n\tsubdir2\n\t\tfile.ext" represents:

dir
    subdir1
    subdir2
        file.ext
The directory dir contains an empty sub-directory subdir1 and a sub-directory subdir2 containing a file file.ext.

The string "dir\n\tsubdir1\n\t\tfile1.ext\n\t\tsubsubdir1\n\tsubdir2\n\t\tsubsubdir2\n\t\t\tfile2.ext" represents:

dir
    subdir1
        file1.ext
        subsubdir1
    subdir2
        subsubdir2
            file2.ext

The directory dir contains two sub-directories subdir1 and subdir2. subdir1 contains a file file1.ext and an empty second-level sub-directory subsubdir1. subdir2 contains a second-level sub-directory subsubdir2 containing a file file2.ext.

We are interested in finding the longest (number of characters) absolute path to a file within our file system. For example, in the second example above, the longest absolute path is "dir/subdir2/subsubdir2/file2.ext", and its length is 32 (not including the double quotes).

Given a string representing the file system in the above format, return the length of the longest absolute path to file in the abstracted file system. If there is no file in the system, return 0.

Note:
The name of a file contains at least a . and an extension.
The name of a directory or sub-directory will not contain a .
Time complexity required: O(n) where n is the size of the input string.

Notice that a/aa/aaa/file1.txt is not the longest file path, if there is another path aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa/sth.png.

Constraints

  • Is the input a string?
    • Yes
  • Can we assume the input is valid?
    • No
  • Will there always be a file in the input?
    • Yes
  • Is the output an int?
    • Yes
  • Can we assume this fits memory?
    • Yes

Test Cases

  • None -> TypeError
  • '' -> 0
  • 'dir\n\tsubdir1\n\t\tfile1.ext\n\t\tsubsubdir1\n\tsubdir2\n\t\tsubsubdir2\n\t\t\tfile2.ext' -> 32

Algorithm

Refer to the Solution Notebook. If you are stuck and need a hint, the solution notebook's algorithm discussion might be a good place to start.

Code

In [ ]:
class Solution(object):

    def length_longest_path(self, file_system):
        # TODO: Implement me
        pass

Unit Test

The following unit test is expected to fail until you solve the challenge.

In [ ]:
# %load test_length_longest_path.py
import unittest


class TestSolution(unittest.TestCase):

    def test_length_longest_path(self):
        solution = Solution()
        self.assertRaises(TypeError, solution.length_longest_path, None)
        self.assertEqual(solution.length_longest_path(''), 0)
        file_system = 'dir\n\tsubdir1\n\t\tfile1.ext\n\t\tsubsubdir1\n\tsubdir2\n\t\tsubsubdir2\n\t\t\tfile2.ext'
        expected = 32
        self.assertEqual(solution.length_longest_path(file_system), expected)
        print('Success: test_length_longest_path')


def main():
    test = TestSolution()
    test.test_length_longest_path()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

Solution Notebook

Review the Solution Notebook for a discussion on algorithms and code solutions.