J.C. Kantor ([email protected])

This IPython notebook demonstrates the formulation and solution of a team scheduling problem using GLPK/Mathprog.

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from IPython.core.display import HTML
HTML(open("styles/custom.css", "r").read())
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The following problem was formulated by Tomas C. (ND '09) who was working with the Jesuit Volunteer Corp in 2009-2010. Here was his problem:

There are 7 of us in the house. We have broken down the chores into 4 major sections: 1) Kitchen, 2) Bathroom, 3) Common Area, 4) Trash. The trash is the only task that needs only one person to accomplish, the other 3 tasks have 2 people assigned to them. Each person needs to rotate through each task twice and the trash only once. The assignments rotate each week. Each person needs to have a new partner each week and no person can have more than one task in a week.

In the formulation below we require every possible pair to do at least one task together. This is different that requiring a new partner each week, but Tomas said later that this would meet their needs.

This a challenging computation, depending on your computer this may take a few seconds to a few minutes.

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```
%%script glpsol -m /dev/stdin
# Example: JesuitVols.mod
/* Number of weeks to schedule */
param T := 7;
/* Numeric labels for volunteers facilitate creating non-replicated pairs */
set VOLS := 1..7;
set TASKS := {'Kitchen', 'Bathroom', 'Commons', 'Trash'};
set WEEKS := 1..T;
/* Compute all pairs of volunteers */
set PAIRS := setof{u in VOLS, v in VOLS: u < v} (u,v);
/* x[v,t,w] = 1 if volunteer v is assigned task t in week w */
var x{v in VOLS, t in TASKS, w in WEEKS} binary;
/* p[u,v,t,w] = 1 if volunteers u and v are paired together on t in week w */
var p{(u,v) in PAIRS, t in TASKS, w in WEEKS} binary;
/* The objective will be the number of times anyone has to do the trash */
var z integer;
minimize obj: z;
/* Each volunteer each week must be assigned one task */
s.t. fa{v in VOLS, w in WEEKS}: sum {t in TASKS} x[v,t,w] = 1;
/* Except for Trash, each task each week must be assigned two volunteers */
s.t. fb{w in WEEKS}: sum {v in VOLS} x[v,'Trash',w] = 1;
s.t. fc{t in TASKS, w in WEEKS : t <> 'Trash'}: sum {v in VOLS} x[v,t,w] = 2;
/* Each volunteer must cycle through each task twice (except trash) */
s.t. fd{t in TASKS, v in VOLS : t <> 'Trash'}: sum {w in WEEKS} x[v,t,w] >= 2;
/* Minimize number of times anyone has to do trash */
s.t. fz{v in VOLS}: sum {w in WEEKS} x[v,'Trash',w] <= z;
/* Pair p(u,v,t,w) is 1 if u and v worked together on Week w and Task t */
s.t. ga{t in TASKS, w in WEEKS, (u,v) in PAIRS}: p[u,v,t,w] <= x[u,t,w];
s.t. gb{t in TASKS, w in WEEKS, (u,v) in PAIRS}: p[u,v,t,w] <= x[v,t,w];
s.t. gc{t in TASKS, w in WEEKS, (u,v) in PAIRS}:
p[u,v,t,w] >= x[u,t,w] + x[v,t,w] - 1;
/* Each possible pair must do at least one task together. */
s.t. gd{(u,v) in PAIRS}: sum{t in TASKS, w in WEEKS} p[u,v,t,w] >= 1;
solve;
printf "Volunteer Assignments by Weeks";
for {w in WEEKS}{
printf "\n\nWeek: %2s\n",w;
printf "Volunteer:";
printf {v in VOLS} "%3s",v;
for {t in TASKS}{
printf "\n%9s:",t;
printf {v in VOLS} "%3s", if x[v,t,w]=1 then "X" else "-";
}
}
printf "\n\n\n Analysis of Volunteer Pairs";
for{(u,v) in PAIRS}{
printf "\n\nPair: (%s,%s)\n",u,v;
printf " Week:";
printf {w in WEEKS} "%3s",w;
for {t in TASKS}{
printf "\n%9s:",t;
printf {w in WEEKS} "%3s", if p[u,v,t,w]=1 then "X" else "-";
}
}
end;
```

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