Embedding a Bokeh server in a Notebook

This notebook shows how a Bokeh server application can be embedded inside a Jupyter notebook.

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import yaml

from bokeh.layouts import column
from bokeh.models import ColumnDataSource, Slider
from bokeh.plotting import figure
from bokeh.themes import Theme
from bokeh.io import show, output_notebook

from bokeh.sampledata.sea_surface_temperature import sea_surface_temperature


There are various application handlers that can be used to build up Bokeh documents. For example, there is a ScriptHandler that uses the code from a .py file to produce Bokeh documents. This is the handler that is used when we run bokeh serve app.py. Here we are going to use the lesser-known FunctionHandler, that gets configured with a plain Python function to build up a document.

Here is the function modify_doc(doc) that defines our app:

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def modify_doc(doc):
    df = sea_surface_temperature.copy()
    source = ColumnDataSource(data=df)

    plot = figure(x_axis_type='datetime', y_range=(0, 25),
                  y_axis_label='Temperature (Celsius)',
                  title="Sea Surface Temperature at 43.18, -70.43")
    plot.line('time', 'temperature', source=source)

    def callback(attr, old, new):
        if new == 0:
            data = df
            data = df.rolling('{0}D'.format(new)).mean()
        source.data = ColumnDataSource(data=data).data

    slider = Slider(start=0, end=30, value=0, step=1, title="Smoothing by N Days")
    slider.on_change('value', callback)

    doc.add_root(column(slider, plot))

    doc.theme = Theme(json=yaml.load("""
                background_fill_color: "#DDDDDD"
                outline_line_color: white
                toolbar_location: above
                height: 500
                width: 800
                grid_line_dash: [6, 4]
                grid_line_color: white

We take the function above and configure a FunctionHandler with it. Then we create an Application that uses handler. (It is possible, but uncommon, for Bokeh applications to have more than one handler.) The end result is that the Bokeh server will call modify_doc to build new documents for every new sessions that is opened.

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from bokeh.application.handlers import FunctionHandler
from bokeh.application import Application

handler = FunctionHandler(modify_doc)
app = Application(handler)

Now we can display our application using show:

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