# An article from NPR.org shows a graph about most and least lucrative # college majors. # I will try to clone the part of the graph for the most lucrative majors. from IPython.core.display import Image Image(url="http://www.npr.org/news/graphics/2013/10/pm-top_lowest-624.gif") # Image Source: Georgetown Center On Education And The Workforce # Credit: Quoctrung Bui / NPR
The Most And Least Lucrative College Majors, In 2 Graphs Image Source: Georgetown Center On Education And The Workforce Credit: Quoctrung Bui / NPR
# Imports are the same as last time import matplotlib.pyplot as plt %matplotlib inline # this time I'm going to start with the ticks and labels majors = [('Electrical Engineering', 94), ('Chemical Engineering', 95), ('Naval Architecture And\nMarine Engineering', 96), ('Aerospace Engineering', 96), ('Mathematics And\nComputer Science', 98), ('Pharmacology', 100), ('Pharmaceutical Sciences\nAnd Administration', 107), ('Nuclear Engineering', 110), ('Health And Medical\nPreparatory Programs', 120), ('Petroleum Engineering', 120)] xincome = [0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120] # create the figure fig, axis1 = plt.subplots(figsize=(9, 6), dpi=75) # set the Y ticks and set the limits of the graph plt.yticks(range(len(majors)), [ x for x in majors ], size=11) plt.ylim((-0.5, 9.6)) plt.xlim((0, 121)) # set the X ticks plt.xticks(xincome) from matplotlib.ticker import FormatStrFormatter # This is a printf like formatter, I am using it to display extra zeros and a '$' currency_format = FormatStrFormatter('$%d,000') # ant tell it where to use apply it axis1.xaxis.set_major_formatter(currency_format) # draw the horizontal bars m_earnings = [mj for mj in majors] container = plt.barh(range(len(majors)), m_earnings, height=0.7, align='center', color='#28546e') # write the value on each bar for bar in container: x = int(bar.get_width()) y = bar.get_y() + bar.get_height()*.3 bar_text = str("$%s,000" % bar.get_width()) axis1.text(x, y, bar_text, color='white', ha='right', size=13) # set the vertical grid along the x axis axis1.xaxis.grid(True, linestyle=':', which='major', color='grey', alpha=1) # name the graph plt.text(-47, 9.7, 'Majors With The Highest Earnings', size=14, weight='bold') # clean the spines axis1.spines['top'].set_visible(False) axis1.spines['right'].set_visible(False) axis1.yaxis.set_ticks_position('none') # This line is the best part! axis1.xaxis.set_ticks_position('none') # I realized that the first xtick is a 0 plt.xticks(xincome[1:]) # place the 0 just like any text since I could not override the formatter plt.text(0, -.87, '0') axis1.set_axisbelow(True)
# And just to make sure I can change the font family plt.text(0, 0, 'Majors With The Highest Earnings', size=20, weight='bold', family='fantasy')
<matplotlib.text.Text at 0x106097810>
I like it. On a different subject, I made the code in one cell because you see what happen when I to break it, some times the graph won't appear and others it would simply start over, like in the last one.